One thing that’s being done to address these shortages is to place health care professionals in these areas. In order to do this effectively, these areas are given the designation of “health professional shortage areas” (HPSAs) and “medically underserved areas” (MUAs), then, federally funded incentives are provided to attract health professionals to these areas.
The Designation process isn’t competitive. Any individual or organization can nominate an area, facility or population group for a shortage designation.
|Shortage Destination Option||National Health Service Corps||Federally Qualified Health Center Program||CMS* Medicare Incentive Payment||CMS* Rural HealthClinic Program||J-1 Visa Program|
|Primary Care HPSA|
|Dental Care HPSA|
|Mental Health HPSA|
|State Governor’s Certified
Shortage Area HPSA
*Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
**A FQHC must be located in or adjacent to a medically underserved area or population. In some cases, this designation must be done through the governor's office when the underserved area or population does not meet the criteria for a federal designation but the unmet need is still significant.